UFDF033 Introduction to Particle Physics

Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava
Summer 2022
Extent and Intensity
0/0/0. 0 credit(s). Type of Completion: dzk.
Guaranteed by
prof. Ing. Peter Lichard, DrSc.
Institute of Physics - Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to provide students with basic information about the current state of knowledge about the structure and interactions of subnuclear particles. The presentation is phenomenological and historical and is based on experimental results that led to the current state of knowledge.
Syllabus
  • Outline of the history and current state of particle physics. Key discoveries, experiments and ideas; the structure and interactions of particles. Leptons, quarks, gauge bosons, hadrons; mesons and baryons; stable and unstable particles, resonances. Antiparticles.
    Kinematics of collisions and decays. Conservation laws, relativistic invariants. Cross section, luminosity. Longitudinal and transverse momentum, rapidity. Lifetime, differential decay width. Branching fraction and branching ratio. Dalitz plot.
    Experimental methods of particle physics. Basic principle and types of accelerators. Linear accelerators electrostatic and radiofrequency; circular accelerators of electrons, protons and heavy ions. Primary and secondary beams. Targets. Accumulators and colliders, accelerator complexes. Physical principles and characteristics of detectors; the most important types of detectors; calorimeters and spectrometers. Detector complexes.
    Properties of hadrons. Mass, charge, spin, baryon number, spatial (P) parity, isospin and its third component, charge (C) parity, G parity. Conservation laws in strong, electromagnetic and weak interactions of hadrons.
    Properties of leptons. Lepton numbers, experimental proof of the non-identity of the electron neutrino and antineutrino, that of electron and muon antineutrino. The number of neutrino families; possible nonconservation of lepton numbers, neutrino oscillation; the neutrinos from the Sun.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • Dosch, H.G. Za hranicemi nanosvěta. Leptony, kvarky, kalibrační bosony. Academia, 2011. ISBN 978-80-200-1871-7. info
  • Close F. Částicová fyzika. Praha, 2008. ISBN 978-80-7363-160-4. info
  • Žáček J. Úvod do fyziky elementárních částic. Nakladatelství Karolinum, 2005. ISBN 9788024611099. info
  • Close F. - Marten M. - Sutton C. The Particle Odyssey. Oxford University Press, 2002. ISBN 978-0198609438. info
  • Ho-Kim Q., Yem X. P. Elementary Particles and Their Interactions. Springer, 1998. ISBN 3-540-63667-6. info
  • Úlehla I. - Suk M. - Trka Z. Atomy, jádra, částice. Academia, 1990. ISBN 8020001352. info
Teaching methods
One-to-One tutorial
Skills demonstration
Students' self-study
Lectures, tutorial sessions, regularly assigned and evaluated home tasks.
Assessment methods
Credit
Active participation on tutorial sessions and the timely completion of home tasks is required. Detailed criteria will be announced by the tutorial lecturer. The exam consists of the main written part and a supplemental oral part.
Language of instruction
Czech
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
Teacher's information
The attendance at lectures is recommended. It can be substituted by
the self-study of recommended literature and individual consultations.
The course is also listed under the following terms Winter 2009, Summer 2010, Winter 2010, Summer 2011, Winter 2011, Summer 2012, Winter 2012, Summer 2013, Winter 2013, Summer 2014, Winter 2014, Summer 2015, Winter 2015, Summer 2016, Winter 2016, Summer 2017, Winter 2017, Summer 2018, Winter 2018, Summer 2019, Winter 2019, Summer 2020, Winter 2020, Summer 2021, Winter 2021.
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