FYBPV0001 Astronomy proseminar I

Institute of physics in Opava
winter 2023
Extent and Intensity
0/2/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
RNDr. Tomáš Gráf, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
RNDr. Tomáš Gráf, Ph.D.
Institute of physics in Opava
Timetable of Seminar Groups
FYBPV0001/A: Tue 9:45–11:20 404, T. Gráf
Prerequisites (in Czech)
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim is to give basic information about studying astrophysics in Opava and provide a comprehensive overview of the relevant scientific knowledge for this study, which will be made deeper in the various specialized lectures and seminars.
Learning outcomes
After completing the course, the student will gain basic information about: - history of astronomy and astrophysics - electromagnetic radiation - the structure of matter and basic physical interactions - the physics of stars - spherical astronomy - orientation in the night sky - the motion of bodies in the solar system - telescopes
  • 1. Introduction to the study of astrophysics and possibilities of creative involvement of students, organization of seminars, brief history of astronomy and the birth of astrophysics, physical constants and units used in astrophysics.
    2. The basic building blocks of matter and 4 fundamental forces.
    3. Electromagnetic radiation: thermal radiation, braking, cyclotron and synchrotron radiation, polarization, radiation of atoms and molecules - spectral lines, continuum, MASER; cosmic rays, neutrinos; gravity waves.
    4. Basic characteristics of the stars, star size, color index, spectral class, H-R diagram, mass - luminosity relation, color diagram.
    5. Spherical astronomy, time, astronomy coordinates, equatorial coordinates of 1st and 2nd type; sideral time, time zones.
    6. Star maps and catalogs, planisphere, astronomy almanach.
    7. Important constellations, visibility of constellations according to the seasons, circumpolar constellation, constellation of the zodiac, summer triangle, orientation in the sky.
    8. Constellations of autumn and winter skies.
    9. Bodies of the Solar System. Kepler laws of motion of planets, orbit elements, Kepler equation; opposition, conjunctions, elongation; retrograde motion of outer planets; comets.
    10. Astronomical instruments, refractors and reflectors, optical defects, mounting, CCD cameras, spectroscopy.
    11. Calendars.
    recommended literature
  • GRÁF, Tomáš. Astronomický proseminář I a II: Distanční studijní text (Astronomical Proseminar I and II: Distance learning study materials). 1st ed. Opava, 2019. 152 pp. info
  • Karttunen, H. a kol. Fundamental Astronomy. Springer, 2007. info
  • Hvězdářská ročenka. info
  • V. Vanýsek. Základy astronomie a astrofyziky. Praha, 1980. info
  • Šolc, M., Švestka, J., Vanýsek, V. Fyzika hvězd a vesmíru. Praha, 1983. info
Teaching methods
Assessment methods
oral presentation, final test
Language of instruction
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms winter 2020, winter 2021, winter 2022.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.slu.cz/course/fu/winter2023/FYBPV0001