FYBPV0002 Astronomy proseminar II

Institute of physics in Opava
summer 2024
Extent and Intensity
0/2/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Teacher(s)
RNDr. Tomáš Gráf, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
RNDr. Tomáš Gráf, Ph.D.
Institute of physics in Opava
Timetable of Seminar Groups
FYBPV0002/A: Wed 8:55–10:30 404, T. Gráf
Prerequisites (in Czech)
( FAKULTA ( FU ) && TYP_STUDIA ( B ))
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim of this course is to continue in comprehensive baseline survey of knowledge necessary for the study of astrophysics, which were started in the first semestr.
Learning outcomes
Upon completion of the course, the student will have a basic knowledge of: Constellations of the spring and summer sky, Solar System bodies, physical properties of stars, variable stars, the Galaxy and galaxies.
Syllabus
  • 1. The constellation of the spring and summer sky.
    2. Planets of the Solar System and their moons. Inner and outer planets, Kuiper belt.
    3. Comets and meteors. Periodic comets, Oort cloud, Comet composition and structure; main meteor showers, meteor observations, meteorites.
    4. Eclipse of the Sun and Moon, optical phenomena in the atmosphere.
    5. Stars I. Star formation, hydrostatic equilibrium, sources of energy in stars, nuclear nucleosynthesis.
    6. Stars II. Stage of star development main sequence, red giant, white dwarf, neutron star, black hole; pulsars, magnetars.
    7. Variables stars, supernovae. eclipsing binary stars; physical variables: pulsating (RR Lyr, mirides), eruptive novae, supernovae.
    8. Galaxy. Hubble classification spiral, elliptical, irregular; rotation curves of spiral galaxies, dark matter; spiral arms of the dense wave; Tully-Fisher's formulae, Faber-Jackson formulae; galactic centers, active galaxies.
    9. Measure distances in space. Distance ladder, standard candles, SN Ia, etc.
    10. Cosmology I. Basic OTR concepts, Copernicus principle, FLRW models, observational parameters, Hubble law, cosmological constant vacuum energy, dark energy.
    11. Cosmology II. Big Bang theory of thermal history, primordial nucleosynthesis, backround radiation; standard model issues, inflation.
Literature
    recommended literature
  • GRÁF, Tomáš. Astronomický proseminář I a II: Distanční studijní text (Astronomical Proseminar I and II: Distance learning study materials). 1st ed. Opava, 2019. 152 pp. info
  • Karttunen, H. a kol. Fundamental Astronomy. Springer, 2007. info
  • V. Vanýsek. Základy astronomie a astrofyziky. Praha, 1980. info
  • Šolc, M., Švestka, J., Vanýsek, V. Fyzika hvězd a vesmíru. Praha, 1983. info
  • Hvězdářská ročenka. info
  • Schneider, P. Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology. Springer, 2006. info
Teaching methods
lectures, class discussion
Assessment methods
oral presentation, test
Language of instruction
Czech
Further Comments
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms summer 2021, summer 2022, summer 2023.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: https://is.slu.cz/course/fu/summer2024/FYBPV0002