FIUNAMDS International Taxation and Tax Systems

Obchodně podnikatelská fakulta v Karviné
léto 2022
Rozsah
2/1/0. 5 kr. Ukončení: zk.
Vyučující
Ing. Šárka Sobotovičová, Ph.D. (přednášející)
Garance
Ing. Šárka Sobotovičová, Ph.D.
Katedra financí a účetnictví - Obchodně podnikatelská fakulta v Karviné
Kontaktní osoba: Ing. Ivana Koštuříková, Ph.D.
Rozvrh
St 14:45–16:20 B208
  • Rozvrh seminárních/paralelních skupin:
FIUNAMDS/01: St 16:25–17:10 B208, Š. Sobotovičová
Předpoklady
FAKULTA ( OPF ) && TYP_STUDIA ( N ) && FORMA ( P )
The course can be registered independently on other courses.
Omezení zápisu do předmětu
Předmět je určen pouze studentům mateřských oborů.

Předmět si smí zapsat nejvýše 30 stud.
Momentální stav registrace a zápisu: zapsáno: 31/30, pouze zareg.: 0/30
Mateřské obory/plány
Cíle předmětu
The aim of the course is to familiarize students with tax issues in connection with the involvement of the Czech Republic into international economic structures and tax harmonization within the European Union. Students will also be acquainted with EU legal instruments in the field of direct and indirect taxes.
Výstupy z učení
After completing the course, the student will be able to:
- clarify the historical context and development of taxes and tax policy;
- understand the VAT harmonization process;
- identify basic elements of corporate income taxes, personal income taxes, property taxes, VAT, excise duties and energy taxes;
- understand Conventions for avoidance of double taxation.
Osnova
  • 1.Introduction to taxation
    Development and classification of taxes are provided. Tax construction elements and basic tax policy terminology are explained.
    2. Characteristics and development of EU tax policy
    Exogenous and endogenous factors influencing the development of tax systems and specific reasons for the tax reforms in the EU are defined. Structural harmonization, harmonization of tax rates, positive and negative harmonization and tax competition are clarified.
    3. Tax systems of EU countries and indicators of international tax comparison
    Current tax systems in the individual EU countries are compared. The basic legal documents of EU directives, regulations and the EU budget are presented. The tax quota, statutory, effective and implicit tax rates are defined.
    4. Indirect taxes and their harmonization
    Value added tax, taxpayers, tax base, tax rates and tax calculation are examined. Application of VAT on goods and services is also explained. Selective excise duties in individual EU member states in relation to the harmonization are introduced. Directive on restructuring agreed framework for the taxation of energy and electricity is also mentioned.
    5. Corporate income tax
    Characteristics and development of corporate income tax in the EU are given. The tax base items affecting the amount of tax rate on corporate income in the EU member states are defined. EU principles and directives affecting corporate tax issues are also mentioned.
    6. Personal income tax
    Development of individual income taxes and the importance of personal income tax in the tax mix of individual EU countries are introduced. Construction of the tax base, tax deductions and tax credits are explained.
    7. Property taxes and road tax
    Approaches to taxation of motor vehicles in the EU, environmental aspects of road tax and specifics of taxation of cars and other vehicles are explained. The significance of development and characteristics of property taxes in the EU countries are discussed.
    8. Convention for avoidance of double taxation, International tax optimization and tax heavens
    Convention for avoidance of double taxation, their importance, objectives and methods to avoid double taxation are clarified. International tax planning, tax heavens and anti-heaven legislations and offshore financial centres are explained.
Literatura
    povinná literatura
  • TEPPEROVÁ, J. and H. ZÍDKOVÁ,. Texts for "Taxation in the CR and EU". Praha: Vysoká škola ekonomická, Fakulta financí, 2015. ISBN 978-80-245-2107-7. info
  • MILLER A. and L. OATS. Principles of International Taxation: 4th Edition Revised. Bloomsbury Professional Ltd., 2014. ISBN 978-1780434537. info
    doporučená literatura
  • COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2006/112/EC. info
  • PKF Worldwide Tax Guide 2015. URL info
  • JAMES, S. a CH. NOBES. The Economics of Taxation: Principles, Policy, and Practice. London: Fiscal publications, 2016. ISBN 978-1906201-32-6. info
  • JANOUŠKOVÁ, J. Taxes and tax policy: Personal income tax. Karviná: SU OPF v Karviné, 2012. ISBN 978-80-7248-765-3. info
  • MIRRLEES, J. et al. Tax by design. Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-19-955374-7. info
Výukové metody
Lecture with presentation in Power-point
Metody hodnocení
Combined exam Assessment methods: individual activities, combined exam (points from the written exam and individual activities are added up).
Vyučovací jazyk
Angličtina
Informace učitele
attendance in seminars 50 %, case studies, final written exam
Další komentáře
Předmět je dovoleno ukončit i mimo zkouškové období.
Předmět je zařazen také v obdobích léto 2017, léto 2018, léto 2019, léto 2020, léto 2021.
  • Statistika zápisu (nejnovější)
  • Permalink: https://is.slu.cz/predmet/opf/leto2022/FIUNAMDS