APUNAT31 Optics

Institute of physics in Opava
winter 2022
Extent and Intensity
4/2/0. 7 credit(s). Type of Completion: zk (examination).
RNDr. Jan Hladík, Ph.D. (lecturer)
RNDr. Jan Hladík, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
RNDr. Jan Hladík, Ph.D.
Institute of physics in Opava
Wed 16:25–18:00 B4, Fri 10:35–12:10 309
  • Timetable of Seminar Groups:
APUNAT31/A: Wed 18:05–18:50 B4, Fri 12:15–13:00 309, J. Hladík
Knowledge of the basics of mathematics, mechanics and electromagnetism is a prerequisite. However, the necessary knowledge can be supplemented during the course.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim is to acquaint students with the ground of the physical description of light and its propagation in the material environment and to introduce some simple applications of optical phenomena in nature and technology.
Learning outcomes
The course acquaints students with the basics of the physical description of light and its propagation in the material environment and introduces some simple applications of optical phenomena in nature and technology.
Students will know the fundamentals in this branch of physics and they will be able to solve basic types of theoretical and practical problems.
  • Lectures and exercises will be held in the Czech language having the following structure:
  • The nature and propagation of light, historical development of ideas, light sources, measurement of the speed of light. Fundamentals of photometry and vision. (Number of teaching weeks: 2)
  • Geometrical optics: laws of ray optics - index of refraction, Huygens' and Fermat's principle, law of reflection and refraction at a dielectric interface, total reflection and reflecting prisms, dispersion of light by prisms; optical imaging, spherical mirrors, refraction on a spherical surface, lenses, optical aberrations. Simple optical systems - eye, glasses, magnifiers, microscopes, telescopes. Optical phenomena in the atmosphere. (Number of teaching weeks: 3)
  • Wave optics: wave equation, optical domain of electromagnetic waves, superposition of waves, properties of plane electromagnetic waves; polarization of light, its description and usage; spherical waves; behavior of plane electromagnetic waves at the interface of two dielectrics, Fresnel's equation, Brewster's angle, total reflection and evanescent waves; coherence of light; two-beam interference, Young's experiment, interference on a dielectric thin layer (soap film, antireflection layer), Newton's rings. Interferometers. Diffraction of light, Babinet's principle, Huygens-Fresnel principle, scalar theory of diffraction; Fraunhofer diffraction at a slit, by many slits and at a circular aperture; Fresnel diffraction. Holography. Limit of geometrical optics, eikonal equation, ray of light approximation, Fermat's principle. (Number of teaching weeks: 5)
  • Propagation of light in anisotropic media: Fresnel ellipsoid, surface of phase velocities, surface of refractive indices, birefringence, optical index axis, polarization of waves in anisotropic media, surface of beam velocities, optical beam axis; uniaxial crystals. Artificial anisotropy. (Number of teaching weeks: 2)
    required literature
  • HECHT E.: Optics. San Francisco: Addison-Wesley, 2002. (nebo novější vydání)
  • BAJER J.: Optika 2 + CD (Optika 1). Olomouc: chlup.net, 2018.
    recommended literature
  • BORN M., WOLF E.: Principles of Optics – Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • HALLIDAY D., RESNICK R., WALKER J.: Fyzika: vysokoškolská učebnice obecné fyziky. Část 4, Elektromagnetické vlny – Optika – Relativita. Praha: Prometheus 2002. (nebo novější vydání)
  • MALÝ P.: Optika. Praha: Karolinum, 2008.
  • FUKA J., HAVELKA B.: Optika a atomová fyzika, část I. – Optika. Praha: SPN, 1961.
  • FEYNMAN R. P., LEIGHTON R. B., SANDS M.: Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky 1 (revidované vydání s řešenými příklady). Praha: Fragment, 2013.
  • Staff of Research and Education Association, Dr. M. Fogiel, director:The Optics Problem Solver. Research and Eduacation Association: New York 1987. ISBN 0-87891-526-5.
  • PEDROTTI F. L., PEDROTTI L. M., PEDROTTI L. S.: Introduction to Optics. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2017.
  • Matveev A. N. : Optics. Mir Publishers : Moscow 1988. ISBN 5-03-001133-1.
Teaching methods
lecture; demonstration; exercises; individual preparation - study of texts; homework
Assessment methods
Active participation in exercises and solving all homework. Students demonstrate fundamental knowledge and overview of optics in the range of lectures in the oral exam.
The exam will have a written and an oral part.
Language of instruction
Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
The course is taught annually.
Teacher's information
More detailed information will be provided to students in the first lecture.
The course is also listed under the following terms winter 2020, winter 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
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