MTNPOU004 Camera practice

Institute of physics in Opava
winter 2022
Extent and Intensity
0/2/0. 4 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
MgA. Ondřej Smékal (seminar tutor)
doc. Mgr. Anton Szomolányi, ArtD. (seminar tutor)
Guaranteed by
doc. Mgr. Anton Szomolányi, ArtD.
Institute of physics in Opava
Timetable of Seminar Groups
MTNPOU004/A: each even Thursday 13:55–17:10 ATEL, O. Smékal, A. Szomolányi
The course consists of theoretical lectures and practical seminars. The main theme of the semester is light in the cinematographic image and the composition of the AV work The exercises are performed on "simple" cameras in automatic mode in the 16:9 format and are edited in an editing program. A simple photo tripod is essential for work. Technology is the recommended equipment of every student. The main idea of ​​individual exercises is practical training of professional habits and experience. Individual exercises are content of several professional subjects. The exercises are designed to imitate creation and work in real workplaces, leading to the cultivation of individual creativity and craftsmanship During the exercises, students work independently or in creative groups according to the assignment and their own choice. The student is obliged to complete all compulsory exercises. Individual exercises can be modified and adjusted as part of individual education. According to needs, the exercises can be supplemented with new ones within the topics in the educational process. The individual exercises are only a guide and form the technical content that the exercise must contain. The student's creative potential is manifested in supplementing the content with his own creative ideas: The aim of the introductory short film exercises is to learn how to construct a static shot with its own internal movement and to incorporate him to the whole. The exercises are built on maximum simplicity and focused on arranging the interior of the shot. Listeners they work with a static image with minimal camera movement, which can only be manifested by compositional matching. The compositional arrangement in the area of ​​the shot and its continuity in the cut structure is the basis of the technical-creative mastering the expressive means of film. The intention is to teach students to see the image as an active, emotional tool to express the given topic. The exercises are filmed in color and color becomes an active participant in the creative process. Sound plays an equal role in these exercises. The intention is to teach the student to perceive the sounds and noises of the filmed environment and to use them appropriately in the construction of a short film as a creative element. For creative expression, the use of footage and editing is self-evident. Individual exercises are edited in post-production - through an editing program. Individual exercises are complete works with all attributes for their creative presentation. Each exercise must therefore contain opening and closing titles. Students try their own creative expression through exercises.
Course Enrolment Limitations
The course is also offered to the students of the fields other than those the course is directly associated with.
fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
Course objectives
The aim of the course is to master practical filming, express yourself in film language and create the emotional structure of a cinematographic work. Guide the listener to the practical use of the camera as a device for creative recording of pre-camera reality in connection with the use of film language within the shot composition as a dynamic composition of the film image, work with sound, training in the practical use of film language. Course contents: The subject is also connected with practical work at the lecture in the form of photography and filming directly at the lecture, where the audience can practically verify the lectured topic. Outputs are evaluated on the screen in the cinema hall. At the lecture become familiar with technical means such as the camera, lighting systems and lamps and means of creation a work of art. Practical exercises are also assigned to the subject, which the student records on set dates throughout the semester. The exercises are carried out either individually or in small groups
Learning outcomes
The outputs of the course consist of the implementation of practical exercises and the final commission exercise Nostalgia is evaluated. Exercise 1. second year, camera work Title: "Together Life... Coexistence" Documentary film 4 minutes - semester film Cameramanship exercise focused on non-verbal storytelling HD, in color, real, environmental noises, working with music, the camera is minimally in motion - maximally compensatory shots. Individual exercise Participating subjects: directing, editing, sound and technology Exercise 2, second year, camera work Exercise title: "Light and statement" Type of exercise: Joint team exercise, realized in a seminar in the form of a workshop, introduction with a teacher, finalization in a team without a teacher. Environment: school grounds, school studio Participation: editing, sound, direction Length of the film: According to the number of students - assumption about 10 min./6 students Students will work in teams of four and record on-camera statements that will form their generational statement after they are combined into a film. Statements can contain students' attitudes towards current reality. Exercise 3, second year, camera work Exercise title: "Falling down the stairs" Played exercise Participation: editing, sound, direction Implementation: group exercise - three students HD for school large camera, use a tripod, artificial light Purpose: the student practices the decompression and compression of film time by means of editing, the distribution of the action into detailed shots, which are connected to each other mainly by movement and contrasting composition. In the implementation, the listeners deal with the correct exposure and color balance. Implementation: staircase, interior or exterior with enough space for filming Contents: The student will film a short story that seems to be taken out of a large feature film. A character comes to the stairs, slips and falls down the stairs. The fall itself must look "terrifying". The reason why the character falls down the stairs and the point is invented by the audience in the team, to which they have clearly assigned tasks for the filming itself. 4th year, camera work Exercise name: "Nostalgia" Individual exercise Cooperation with direction and editing Length: 4 minutes Genre: short stylized film Purpose: students learn to express emotions HD, color, music, noises, spoken word Contents: The film will portray a feeling or an expression of nostalgia. An attempt at a personal statement of a gloomy mood. A poem can also be used in the story, which the listener reads himself. However, the text will not cover the entire content. There can be symbolic shots in the film that will form a mutual connection - a feeling of nostalgia. Students should have fun describing things and use their imagination. They can also use various effects, color grading in tonal and chromatic shifts. The phone doesn't ring, there's only noise on the TV, it's raining outside, I'll try to make some tea. I ran out of it and all I have is an old pee bag. A crossed-out photo of the partner hangs on the wall, drops of water run down the window. The neighbor's quarrel can be heard from behind the wall... the film can also go into an optimistic passage and end on a positive note... The author will not be an actor in the film, but will manage the creative processes. It is necessary to have actors. Students can help each other in teams of two. Filming will be on a standard camera, a tripod will be used. If music is used, it will be composed for the film and arranged. Working with movements and their styling is important. The film will be provided with subtitles and transferred to the school archive in full quality.
  • List of topics, lectures and areas covered by the subject: 1. Something about the quality of the light. 2. Filmmakers use light to create a three-dimensional image on a two-dimensional plane. 3. Light-tonal solution of the scene, light directions and mood 4. Shadow as a tool for creative finesse, technical means for creating shadows / 5. Interior lighting 1 6. Viewfinder, or image control during filming, why in professional practice we talk more about viewfinders than about camera monitors 7. Filming in cold and extreme conditions 8. What is shooting a shot and when does a shot have value? 9. What technical equipment for filming must be available and in what format to record 10. Technical parameters for sufficient image quality 11. Different types of filming, or environments in which we can create 12. Colors, additive and subtractive mixing of colors, chromaticity temperature, or color of light
    required literature
  • SZOMOLÁNYI, Anton. Základy kamerové tvorby. V Opavě: Slezská univerzita, Filozoficko-přírodovědecká fakulta v Opavě, Ústav fyziky, 2015. Editor: Martin Petrásek. ISBN 9788075101396.
  • PŁAŻEWSKI, Jerzy. Filmová řeč. Praha: Orbis, 1967.
  • KALIŠ, Jan, ed. Dramatické filmové formy: výběr literatury. Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství, 1967. Učební texty vysokých škol.
  • SZOMOLÁNYI, Anton. Kamera! - Běží... Překlad: Martin Petrásek. Počet strán: 182; Väzba: pevná; Rozmer: 175×245 mm; Hmotnosť: 630 g; Jazyk: český; ISBN: 9788081820502; Rok vydania: 2016
Teaching methods
The teaching method is contact and in exceptional cases it is also possible online. Consultations with a teacher for practical exercises are possible online.
Assessment methods (in Czech)
Zápočet: 80% účast na cvičení, odborný projekt. Obhajoba projektu.
Language of instruction
Further Comments
Study Materials
The course is taught annually.
The course is also listed under the following terms winter 2020, winter 2021.
  • Enrolment Statistics (recent)
  • Permalink: